Who doesn’t want to look good? From makeup to clothes to hair, most of us pay close attention to every aspect of our physical appearance. If you’ve ever wanted to enhance your looks or permanently get rid of a patch or scar, it is quite likely that the thought of cosmetic surgery has crossed your mind.
Cosmetic or plastic surgery involves surgical reconstruction, restoration, or any form of alteration of the human body. This can be safely performed on people of all ages – a child with birth defects, an older person with signs of aging, or even a young adult with a scar from an injury.Apart from enhanced appearance, patients also undergo emotional changes such as a heightened sense of self-esteem, confidence, and overall satisfaction.
Types of plastic surgery
There are two broad categories of plastic surgeries: reconstructive surgery (which involves hand surgery, microsurgery, craniofacial surgery, burn treatments etc.) and cosmetic or aesthetic surgery.
Aesthetic surgery: Surgeons employ cosmetic surgical principles to improve the appearance of a certain body part. The scope of cosmetic surgery includes breast enhancement, facial contouring and rejuvenation, body contouring, and skin rejuvenation.
Burn surgery: Burn surgeries occur in two phases: acute burn surgery is done immediately after the accident, while the reconstructive burn surgery is carried out after the burn wounds have healed.
Microsurgery: This is another kind of reconstructive surgery that deals with restoration of missing tissues. Here, a piece of tissue is transferred to the site of reconstruction and blood vessels are reconnected. The most common kinds are breast reconstruction, brachial plexus surgery, and neck reconstruction.
Craniofacial surgery: Paediatric craniofacial surgery treats congenital irregularities in the craniofacial skeleton and soft tissues, e.g., craniosynostosis, cleft lip, etc. Adult craniofacial surgery mostly involves fractures and secondary surgeries, along with orthognathic surgery.
Hand surgery: Acute injuries, chronic hand or wrist diseases, peripheral nerve problems such as carpal tunnel syndrome etc. are covered under hand surgery.
Plastic surgery for menRhinoplasty or nose surgery is the most common kind of plastic surgery among men, with eyelid surgery coming a close second. Men also prefer liposuction, a process involving the removal of excess fat deposits from several body parts. With almost two-thirds of the male population suffering from male baldness, permanent hair transplantation is becoming an increasingly common surgical procedure. Gynaecomastia, a breast reduction surgery which involves the elimination of unwanted fatty tissue from the breast area, is also popular.